The Canadian & USA Grand Canal Project
The Great Recycling and Northern Development (GRAND) Canal of North America or GCNA is a water management proposal designed by Newfoundland engineer Thomas Kierans to alleviate North American freshwater shortage problems (see Water politics). The GCNA, which relies upon water management technologies used in the Zuider Zee and California Aqueduct, has been promoted by Kierans since 1959.
This plan arose as water quality issues threatened the Great Lakes and other vital areas in Canada and the United States . Kierans proposes that to avoid a water crisis from future droughts in Canada and the United States, in addition to water conservation, acceptable new fresh water sources must be found.
The premise of the GCNA is that fresh water run-off from natural precipitation be collected in James Bay by means of a series of outflow-only, sea level dikes-constructed across the northern end of James Bay. This would capture the fresh water before it mixes with the salty water of Hudson Bay. In the second phase of the GRAND Canal proposal a percentage of the captured fresh water run-off would be transferred by a series of canals and pumping stations south to the Great Lakes where it would be available to be transferred to water deficit areas of Canada and the United States. Precipitation run-off from the U.S. and Canada averages about 160,000 m3 per second, or the flow of 28 Niagara Rivers. Sixty percent occurs in Canada, which has only 10% of both nations’ total population.
In the 1990s, Canadian conspiracy theorists believed the “GRAND Canal” was part of a conspiracy to end Canadian sovereignty and force it into a union with the USA and Mexico. Conspiracy theorists believed forces interested in North American union would agitate for a Quebec separation, which would then touch off a Canadian civil war and plunge the Canadian economy into a depression. Impoverished Canadians would then look to the canal project and North American union to revitalize the Canadian economy. Much of the scenario was lifted from Lansing Lamont’s 1994 book Breakup: The Coming End of Canada and the Stakes for America.
Allegedly masterminding this conspiracy was Simon Reisman, ostensibly a Freemason.
Sol Simon Reisman (June 19, 1919 – March 9, 2008) was a Canadian civil servant, and the country’s chief negotiator for the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement.
Born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of Kolman and Manya Reisman, Reisman graduated from Baron Byng High School before receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics and political science in 1941 and a Master of Arts degree in 1942 from McGill University. He was a veteran of the Second World War, having served in Italy, Holland and Germany with the Royal Canadian Artillery.After the war, he studied at the London School of Economics.
In 1946, he entered into public service joining the Department of Labour. Reisman was a member of Canada’s delegation to the inaugural session of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in the late 1940s. He made major contributions toward the drafting of the Canada-U.S. Auto Pact. Reisman rose to senior positions in the public service, including deputy minister in the Department of Finance and the Department of Industry before retiring in 1975. Following the election of Brian Mulroney, Reisman sent the new prime minister a memo advocating free trade negotiations with the United States. Mulroney accepted Reisman’s plan and, in 1985, tapped him to lead Canada’s trade negotiations with the United States.Reisman was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1978 and the Outstanding Public Service Award in 1974.
He was married to Constance Carin for 65 years. They had three children, John Joseph, Anna Lisa, and Harriet Frances, and seven grandchildren.
He died in his sleep in Ottawa, Ontario on March 9, 2008, at the age of 88.
CANADIAN FRESH WATER LINKED TO N.W.O. WORLD FOOD CARTEL
Just like in director Roman Polansky’s film Chinatown (1974) our own experience is proving in Canada, like in Chinatown, nothing is as it seems. That’s precisely the message anti-corruption / anti-high-treason crusader Glen Kealey is telling Canadians from coast-to-coast. Glen Kealey is Canada’s most tenacious crusader against NAFTA and the Canada / U.S.A. Free Trade Agreement He is also our country’s most vocal whistle-blower.
There are startling parallels in what Kealey alleges to be a hidden globalist agenda behind NAFTA and Free Trade and what movie villain Noah Cross did in Chinatown. The rich and powerful Cross caused mayhem as he exercised tyrannical control over the lives and destiny of southern Californians, through his greedy and illegal multi-million dollar land take-over and water diversion plot.
And that’s where fiction meets reality. According to Kealey, Canada’s own overlords are an elite group of international bankers and their all-seeing-eye, Freemasonry. He calls these co-conspirators “Ecclesiastic Freemasons,” (a term that derives it’s meaning from pre-historic times when a slave stone-mason –Cain, a Kurd– was offered freedom from slavery in the mines if he agreed to work against his own family, starting off by killing his own brother –Abel, an Egyptian priest– if that brought him personal benefits). Kealey says today’s Skull and Bones freemasons exist in the form of military brass, politicians (both native and non-native), “mandarins” (deputy ministers) and elite corporate leaders who conspire to give their Asian sponsors Canada’s national wealth and sovereignty, including our natural resources and crown corporation assets.
Kealey says former Prime Minister of Canada, Brian Mulroney, left his job in Ottawa knowing he could never again be re-elected. His free trade “sponsors” feared the numerous cases of corruption that surfaced during his tenure would make it impossible for Mulroney to get a majority government that would implement free trade. Nevertheless, Mulroney received, on top of his prime minister’s pension, millions of dollars worth of shares (arguably in return for services rendered while prime minister) from Peter Monk, chairman of Barrick Resources Inc. Barrick is a participant in the world’s “gold cartel.” Shortly thereafter, Mulroney was also hired on as Director of Archer, Daniels Midland (ADM), a vast European-Asian controlled player in the U.S. agri-food industry.
Significantly, ADM had just been targeted for an in-depth criminal investigation by the U.S. Justice Department. They were suspected of participating in a conspiracy designed to create a food cartel, to control the price and availability of all food grown in Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. Strangely, of all people, Brian Mulroney was commissioned by ADM’s chairman to look into these allegations and report back to their board on his findings.
An investigation by ADM’s own corporate director on charges of unfair competition and price fixing is dubious at best Especially since Mulroney was in court defending himself (after hand-picking his own judge to prosecute his case) against the federal government and RCMP charges of taking kickbacks on the Air Canada/Airbus 320 deal while serving as prime minister. Kealey says Mulroney was central to laying the ground work for carrying out a “Global Governance Agenda” of forming a “world food cartel” (ed. it is based on land stolen from North American Indians–first marooned immigrants–a hundred and some years ago) in the mid and southwestern United States. ADM later paid $100 million fine in the US to avoid a prosecution on the matter, while Liberals absolved Mulroney.
Author Elaine Dewar in her recent book Cloak of Green (1995) says the Global Governance Agenda was envisioned by Nelson Rockefeller before World War II (ed. The Rockefeller family are agents for the European-Judean Rothschild banking family interests on the American continent). Global Governance also has links to the current regional trade agreements such as NAFTA and the Maastricht Treaty. The Maastricht Treaty is responsible for forming the European federation called the European Union, and Maastricht has created real regional level governance with a federation-wide currency and a federation-wide series of regulations on trade. Similarly, NAFTA places structural imperatives on the Canadian government, and it also rearranges powers to suit larger free trade agreements yet to come. Dewar explains the Global Governance Agenda as a push to integrate East and West, while shaping the U.N. itself to fit a “brave new unipolar” world.
In line with this elitist economic theology of consolidating power for Global Governance, there is a dirty little secret that lurks behind the Canada / U.S. A. and NAFTA Free Trade Agreements. That secret is a major water diversion and dam project called the GRAND Canal project (Great Recycling and Northern Development canal). It’s an unprecedented $196 billion plan to convert James Bay into a freshwater lake fed by northern Ontario and Quebec Rivers. It will be connected to a similar massive western Canadian network of dams and canals, to Lake Diefenbaker in Saskatchewan.
The GRAND Canal will connect to other planned water diversions in B.C., such as the North American Water and Power Alliance (NAWAPA) and the Central North American Water Project (CeNAWP) – which will divert water from the Fraser River basin (it includes the North Thompson! River). The GRAND Canal will then transport these massive quantities of Canadian freshwater southwest via Saskatchewan to the United States and Mexico. Canadian atomic (ed. using discarded Russian missile plutonium) and hydro electric energy will be used to warm and pump 67 billion cubic metres of water annually to the south from James Bay through the Great Lakes system and beyond. Through these new and existing networks of canals, water will be diverted to the midwestern U.S.A. from Saskatchewan in Canada and down to the southern states and into Mexico, to be used as a new source of irrigation and municipal freshwater supply.
In fact. Kealey says, one of the main purposes for diverting water from Canada is to use it to create a giant Chicago-Winnipeg food cartel, managed from Colorado on the 57,760 hectare Baca (sic) Grande Ranch. The ranch was purchased by Maurice Strong, the former secretary-general of the U.N- Conference on the Environment and Development for the 1992 Rio Summit and currently an executive at the UN (he was also named by former PM Mulroney to the Privy Council of Canada, giving him the life-time title of “Honourable”). Strong purchased a major share interest in the agri-business conglomerate, AZL Resources (Arizona-Colorado Land and Cattle Company).
Strong’s ranch, coincidentally if not by conspiracy, just happens to be on top of one of the world’s largest underground reservoirs (it is 250 times bigger than British Columbia’s Okanagan Lake). Strong and his partners are the largest landowners in the Baca Valley. The Baca Valley aquifer contains nearly three-quadrillion litres of water. International Ecclesiastic Freemasons (Buddhists and Christians), through Strong, sit on top of 148,000,000,000 cubic metres (or 120,000,000 acre feet) of water worth an estimated $5,000 per 1,234 cubic metres (or per acre foot). At this price the water would be worth more than $600 billion.
The planned diversion will take water from 100 Mile House B.C., via canals to be built atop the former CNR rail bed across B.C. and Alberta, to Lake Diefenbaker, Saskatchewan, In 1995, British Columbia’s NDP government passed a law to prohibit transfers of water between two river basins, such as the proposed “Multiwater” diversion project proposed for the transfer of North Thompson and Columbia Rivers, Kealey says the laws to prohibit water basin transfers were created as illusions for deniability purposes and deflecting attention away from the feasibility of the GRAND Canal. The GRAND Canal scheme in fact calls for the damming of the Thompson and Fraser Rivers in order to back water up creating a reservoir on Gang Ranch, in the Cariboo region of B.C.. In fact, B.C. provincial government law can’t prohibit the GRAND Canal water diversion because the canal would contain water from only one river basin, the Fraser River basin. In addition to this, Canadian water that crosses provincial boundaries is regulated federally so any law passed provincially have no bearing. Also, the NAFTA and GATT agreements have created tribunals that disregard federal or regional laws anyway under sections defining goods and services, which give the right of control of all goods and services to private property owners and not government.
The new trans-Canada GRAND Canal concept was conceived at least as early as 1960, following preliminary studies of the Fraser basin commissioned by Premier “Wacky” Bennett, in 1953 and 1958, In 1985 a company called the GRANDCo. was formed by an elite and wealthy group of Canadian and American “Skull and Bones” Freemason interests. At the time, media reports were generally skeptical of the vast GRAND Canal project, citing high environmental and political costs for implementing the scheme. Later, a study on the project was conducted by McMaster University economist Andrew Muller The study panned the water diversion project for being uneconomical “under current market conditions”. Muller concluded, however, that in order for the GRAND Canal to be economically viable, it would have to overcome a huge capital and operating expenditure – (ed. according to evidence testified to at the Kealey Section 507 Hearing in 1991, Mulroney made up the shortage by stealing the money – 5% toll-gating kickback on all major Government contracts over nine years from Canadian taxpayers). He added the project proponents would also have to find a market for the expected 67 billion cubic metres of water diverted per year (the Fraser River basin component extends the original diversion scheme westward).
Kealey says the project plans were never abandoned, they simply faded into the background. And today, the present political and economic climate under NAFTA / Free Trade make the project viable. Kealey says plans are already underway for its go-ahead and is being assisted by politicians following an implementation scheme drafted out during former prime minister Brian Mulroney’s reign. Kealey says the bargain basement discount sale of CNR for $2 billion dollars (about the same price as the now-privatized Air Canada paid in 1988 for the alleged Mulroney-kickback-scheme purchase of 32 AIRBUS model 320 jets – costing $1.8 billion) was actually the right-of-way sale for the project’s canal road-bed. He says Prime Minister Jean Chretien sold Canada out by privatizing CNR for such an undervalued price (just like Brian Mulroney promised he himself would). Now, CNR trains are expected to share CPR tracks while water flows above the CNR road-bed. Kealey calls this privatization “GRAND theft – train tracks.”
The water, according to leaked engineering documents, will stretch 970′ across by 30′ deep on pivotal-lined canals, with a capacity to hold 1,000 cubic metres of water. Kealey says the canals will likely be standing above ground on pylons. “What people don’t realize from the engineering reports, is the canal will actually be more like sidewalks with barges moving between them in both directions,” says Kealey. Freshwater canals and floating barges containing everything Canadian resources may have to offer – lumber, oil, minerals and even refrigerated Alberta beef- all picked up along the route from BC to Saskatchewan, in Canada, to be dropped off en route within the United States. Then, when the barges are emptied, Kealey says they’ll be filled again with hospital garbage from Texas, Colorado and Nevada etc., Some of the garbage will be nuclear waste shipped to the Meadow Lake Reserve in Saskatchewan, and then the remaining barges will be floated back to B.C. to fill the province’s abandoned mine shafts. By coincidence (if one doesn’t believe in conspiracy), the elected chiefs of the South Meadow Lake Reserve already say they are prepared to store nuclear waste on their land.
Kealey says there will be no industry for Canada. Instead, “if they survive, Canadians are to become the hewers of wood and drawers of water and raw resources.” Only American barges will be permitted on the canals, he says, and by further “coincidence” there is currently a proposal before the Canadian Competition Board to buyout the only Canadian barges on the Pacific coast. Kealey explains “it’s the permits, not the floating stocks, the Chinese are after.”
During a 1996 trip to Litton, B.C., Kealey learned that Hell’s Gate canyon, a popular B.C. tourist sky tram ride attraction that was once owned by a German consortium is now fronted by Canadians. Kealey says the changes in Hell’s Gate’s “public owners” is an indication that international investment is moving ahead with the GRAND canal. His sources have told him there are five partners involved in the purchase, three are Canadian and two are German.
Kealey says Hell’s Gate’s location is strategic because it is possible to dam back the water all the way to Quesnel beyond Gustafson Lake to create a major new reservoir on Gang Ranch, below the Chilcotin river on the Fraser plateau, which Kealey says is the real reason for government spending $5.5 million on heavily-armed RCMP and army personnel (ed. A flagrant abuse of power if one goes by the evidence presented at trial), when they attacked a few Native Tamanawas traditionals, a corporate Pipe-Carrier and his family and Rockefeller Foundation agents during the 1995 B.C. standoff (ed. By “coincidence”, the only Native leader who was detained in jail for years is William Jones Ignace, an “open-pollinated” seed grower who, through his farming, circumvents the efforts of trans-national agri-business to control food by distributing only hybrid seeds that cannot themselves reproduce seed).
Also, when the canal is built, the water from the North Thompson river will flow backwards on the CNR road-bed up to Jasper, Alberta. The present line goes past the Lubicon Reserve where the Lubicon Native Band is currently fighting to prevent the cutting of 11,000 trees a day. Kealey says this type of canal can all be easily achieved through some relatively simple construction methods, and of course, with the use of atomic power.
In terms of legal issues, the FTA and NAFTA agreements have already set out some clear rules for participating countries not to restrict export trade of any “goods” or “services.” The current assurances given by Canadian politicians that our water is protected under Canadian federal or provincial laws are, in Kealey’s opinion, complete fabrications designed to mislead the population. Kealey also says these laws cannot be enforced because – a) these trade pacts protect only “free flowing” waters and – b) international treaties supersede all national or regional laws. Kealey scrupulously paints out that water behind dams and in reservoirs is not free flowing, therefore, the GRAND Canal plan will convert a huge portion of Canada’s free flowing water into giant water gutters that will move water through canals down to the United States. The other factor which has made the GRAND canal project more attractive since the Muller study is the increase in demand for freshwater. Muller explains the values for freshwater in southwestern United States in 1988 were as high as $69 per thousand cubic metres. Muller found this was not enough to sustain the GRAND canal project with its huge capital costs. However, Muller also concluded if between $100 to $200 per thousand cubic metres could be garnered from selling water to users, then that would be enough to take this project more seriously.
Kealey says, after the study was completed reminds us the GRAND canal never actually died, it merely became part of a secret agenda behind the FTA and NAFTA. Kealey says the GRAND canal just went out of the public eye and into the background. He says the proponents were secure in the knowledge that American demand for fresh water would soon bring prices up to make their project hugely profitable.
Kealey is right. The value and scarcity of water in southwestern United States have driven prices up beyond earlier forecasted expectations. The far higher prices are confirmed by a similar scheme for interbasin water transfer proposed by Multinational Water and Power Inc. and KVA Resources Inc. out of Vancouver. This project proposes to divert the Thompson River in BC through pipelines and canals to southwest U.S. The original executive summary indicates huge profits of $600 million will be made after project costs (without paying regard to environmental or political costs to Canada, of course). The summary also gave projections for a 1992 market paying about $1,000 per acre foot of water. However, by the year 2,000 they expected to be able to charge $3,000 per acre foot of water.
In a telephone interview with GRAND Canal Company President and CEO Tom Kierans, he defends his project by saying it has been greatly misunderstood by “so-called” environmental and nationalist concerns. Kierans says that by damming James Bay, this will increase Canada’s freshwater supply by 1 per cent because the GRAND canal will “recycle wasted” fresh water flowing out to Hudson Bay. He also says the project will “re-salinate a biologically unproductive Hudson Bay to create a lucrative salt water Canadian fishery, while extending navigation to 4 or 5 months a year.” Kierans is confident the GRAND canal project will be realized and it is only a matter of waiting for the correct market conditions. “With public demand it has to happen because we need fisheries.”
Kierans adds, the real threat to Canada’s sovereignty is (Asian owned –Hindu-Persian-Judean–. European Dutch banker-controlled, “Fortune 1000″, U.S.A. head-quartered) corporations claiming prescriptive rights to Canadian fresh-water. He says it will be far worse for Canada not to supply the U.S. with our freshwater “because they’ll find a way of antagonizing us to get our water anyway.” Kierans denies any connection between the GRAND canal and NAFTA/FTA trade agreements. But Kierans does agree some of the pivotal-lined canals will be built large enough to accommodate the movement of floating barges and some other additional uses. “The canals that need to be, will be large enough for barges and there will likely be some recreation use too”, Kierans says.
“But the barges are only secondary, they will come later sometime in the next century”. In Prince George, New Caledonia College instructor Jim Windsor (who is writing his dissertation on the topic of water diversion) expects it would take the GRAND Canal Company (also known as CRANDCo.) about four or five years to convert James Bay into a fresh water lake with the planned 160km dam. He says the plan originally was to reverse the flow up the Harricana River to Georgian Bay.
Windsor explains that once Kierans is in possession of the water, it will be relatively easy to know exactly how much water flows into Georgian Bay (ed. where Mitch Bronfman acquired the land in 1966) and the Great Lakes system. “So Kierans stands to make an immense amount of money from the privately-owned fresh water.”
Windsor says an American water diversion project on Lake Michigan, called the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, has diverted water for sewage and barge navigation since it was built in 1848. Recently though, there have been American proposals to enlarge this canal by claiming a “Chicago diversion wildcard.”. They argue Lake Michigan is inside the American border and is, therefore, outside the International Joint Commission jurisdiction on boundary water. They further argue the IJC (1909) resulted in a boundary water treaty that doesn’t apply to the Chicago diversion because the canal pre-dates that agreement.
Windsor says there are some Americans who think the Chicago diversion route could become a means to bolster the Mississippi River flows in times of low flow. When a 1988 drought struck in the Midwest, it left many barges containing petroleum or oil run aground in the Mississippi. Windsor says that’s when all hell broke loose and several senators wrote to former president Ronald Reagan to demand the increase of water flows through the Chicago diversion – which was directly against Canada’s competing interests for hydro electric power use from the Great Lakes system. Canada’s major concern, however, was the legal precedent of having the American’s unilaterally diverting water out of the Great Lakes system.
Windsor says the U.S. senators wrote in their correspondence that enlarging the Chicago water diversion was something the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers could have done. Canadian critics said that enlarging the Chicago diversion was just grasping at straws because the rescue work could not have been done in time to re-float the stranded barges anyway. The Canadian position maintained once a bigger diversion was started, the impetus would be to complete the construction; therefore, Canada would be facing a much larger diversion and potential loss of more water from the Great Lakes system.
Windsor says in the southwestern states, the Ogallala state water system pumps a greater amount of water annually than the Colorado River. But over the years, the Ogallala Aquifer has experienced a surface drop of between 50 and 300 feet in some Texas locations, Windsor says. So there is political pressure in the States to see if something can be done to replenish the Ogallala Aquifer by drawing more water out of Lake Michigan using the Mississippi River (through an enlarged Chicago diversion). But the Chicago diversion is “grandfathered” and restricts the Army Corp of Engineers from pumping more water out of Lake Michigan than it can replenish. However, if circumstances changed so the Chicago diversion were to be opened up into a larger canal, Windsor says some American’s would argue, “Well gosh, we’ve got more water anyway, we’ll use it downstream to replenish the Ogallala Aquifer.”
Ironically, one of the authors of the letter was then-senator and now U.S. Vice President Al Gore, who is considered in the States to be the “green” vice president.
But to those people who oppose large-scale diversions, they are against treating river valleys like large plumbing networks. They reject that enlarging the Chicago diversion is merely a technical argument.
Windsor says that in 1985, Kierans received $30,000 from the Newfoundland regional office of the National Research Council under Brian Mulroney’s government. The money was used by GRANDCo for publications and public relations. At the time, the original GRANDCo directors included Robert Bourassa, former premier of Quebec and another well-known supporter was former federal Finance Department mandarin Simon Reisman (Canada’s Ambassador to the 1986-88 Canada-U.S.A. Free Trade negotiations and Chief Negotiator). Reisman actually went before the New York Board of Trade to lobby for the GRANDCo canal project.
As well, Windsor disputes Kierans’ claim the GRAND canal project is merely “recycling” fresh water. Kierans argues he’ll be taking only 20 per cent of the flow and 80 per cent still goes to Hudson Bay, moving the 20 per cent up the Harricana River and eventually up to the Great Lakes. He says estuaries and ecological systems suffer greatly when freshwater inflows are interrupted. “The productivity of estuaries are dependent on freshwater inflows.
Windsor says if rational thought should prevail, the GRAND canal would have no chance of being approved. But Windsor is quick to remind you not to bet the farm on rational action in Canadian water activity. He says Canada is already the single largest water diverter in the world (even more than Russia and the United States combined) with an annual diversion rate of 4,400 cubic metres per second, and most of Canada’s diversions are for hydro electric power.
Even though Canada’s motivations may be different than the U.S., we are none-the-less the world’s greatest diverter. Windsor says the question of whether Canada has a surplus globally of freshwater is also the point of some controversy. He says a true measure of our water resource is to measure our “flowing” water. On that basis, he says Canada has approximately nine per cent of the world’s flowing water. That is equal to 105,000 cubic metres per second (Canada’s land area is about 7 per cent of the land surface of the planet – so comparing water with land it is not too far off, but if you compare Canada having 1/2 of one per cent of the world’s population it sounds like a lot of water, but at the same time that assumes the only function of water is to serve people. Windsor says based on these opposing views, Canada’s water supply is actually a major source of controversy and acrimony. It may seem like Canada has a huge chunk of water – but alternatively, the flow of the Amazon River is 150,000 cubic metres per second. Windsor says this means Canada’s flow of all freshwater is actually equal to two-thirds of the Amazon River. People must ask themselves if that qualifies as a surplus?
Windsor also questions whether there is a need for water to be diverted to the U.S.? He says most people in Canada would say an emphatic NO! But what’s interesting is the U.S. is only marginally smaller than Canada and has only slightly less water flow than Canada, but their water is mostly in Alaska. He explains there is actually more stream flow in B.C. than in the western two-thirds of the U.S., from the Mississippi to the Pacific Coast. Despite this difference Windsor says there is enough water in the Western United States already – if it were properly priced. Windsor says water can be re-allocated from agriculture to municipalities, where there are shortages of available water, if there is political will to do so. The trouble is, in U.S. politics it is always easier to bring in new water through diversion.
“There’s vested interest in this from big political contributors or corporations,” Windsor says. He also says “there’s not a shortage (of water) in an absolute sense but there’s a shortage in municipal water use.”
Windsor agrees there’s still concern that NAFTA and Free Trade obliges Canada to export water. He says Bill C-156, called the Canadian Water Preservation Act, stated when introduced in August 1988 that Canada’s water was not for sale. However, the fact that Bill C-156 was even necessary is evidence it is a concern here. Furthermore, Windsor concurs the act is irrelevant anyway because international trading agreements override domestic legislation. And finally, he says the ACT never passed – IT “died on the order paper” with the calling of the federal election in November 1988.
Does Canada have a moral obligation then to export water, given we have global warming and water shortages in Phoenix, Arizona, Los Angeles, California, and now in Texas (which is currently going through the worst drought in 60 years)? And if Canada does export water – is this export interruptible? In other words, once we turn the tap on – can Canada unilaterally decide to turn it off? In this regard, Windsor draws on an article by Victoria writer, R.C. Bocking, [Canadian Water: a Commodity for Export? Canada’s Aquatic Resources, (1987)] quoting an anonymous American. Windsor paraphrasing says, “Canada will begin exporting water to the U.S. with a treaty, but if it wants to turn the tap off it will have to deal with the marines.”
Windsor says it will also be difficult for Canada’s elite to say no to billions – perhaps trillions — of dollars in water export revenues per year when there exists a perception of economic difficulty. He says this is the U.S.’s (ed. European bankers) ace up their sleeve. The prospect of huge revenues appeals to others as we move out of an era of environmental determinism to one of economic determinism.
“I don’t accept this,” Windsor says, “because I believe nothing is inevitable unless you want it to be.”
WHO’S BEHIND THE GRAND?
GRANDCo has a long list of elite Canadian and American directors who are politically connected with world power and our own Canadian establishment. For example, the GRANDCo Chair, L. Desmarais (the middle initial of either Paul Jr. or Andre?) is one of two sons of Paul Desmarais – the richest French Canadian in the world today and Chair of Power Corporation. In 1981, son, Andre Desmarais, the CEO of Power Corporation (which also owns Consolidated Bathurst, the multi-national paper company) married Prime Minister Jean Chretien’s daughter France, in a wedding that matched Power with power. The Desmarais group controls 69 corporations in Canada including Power Corporation of Canada, Power’s former executive and vice president was John Rae (was also Prime Minister Jean Chretien’s campaign manager / Liberal fund raiser and is now working for the Desmarais group). Rae is the brother of former Ontario NDP premier Bob Rae.
Other Power executives include Senator Michael Pitfield, former Trudeau confidant and William Simon former U.S. treasury secretary. Canadian Finance Minister Paul Martin, Jr. formerly worked for Maurice Strong at Power Corporation, and he is still associated with the corporation. Paul Martin Jr. also has 4.5 per cent interest in a company Baca Petroleum Corporation, a Denver Company, controlled by Maurice Strong. Baca Petroleum Corporation is now managed by Strong’s son which is a subsidiary of Baca Resources Ltd. Power Corporation has a $152 million treasury, built mostly from selling utilities to the B.C.government. The Desmarais family controls $15.8 billion shares of media, oil, financial and forestry empires. Power Financial Gronp, a holding company controls Montreal Trustco Inc., Credit Foncier, Investors Group as well as the Great-West Life Assurance Co. and Consolidated Bathurst Inc. – which includes the laser pioneer company Lumonics, oil and gas producer Sulpetro Ltd., and aluminum and bottling corporation C.B. Pack. The Desmarais group also owns La Presse, the business journal Les Journaux and has an ongoing partnership with CBC Newsworld International.
Other GRANDCo directors include: Tom W. Kierans, its president and chief executive officer, and GRAND canal’s planning engineer. Kierans is also the cousin of Canadian “nationalist” Liberal Eric Kierans, the former Quebec Cabinet Minister in the Lesage government. Tom Kierans is also an independent director of Southam Inc., which owns 20 daily newspapers across Canada. Kierans is currently under attack to resign him from Southam Inc’s board of directors by media mogul Conrad Black, owner of Hollinger Inc., which recently bought out Power Corp’s shares of Southam Inc. – making Black, Canada’s dominant publisher, with 58 of Canada’s 104 daily papers. Black also controls all mainstream newspapers that reach the people of Saskatchewan where the GRAND Canal is to be diverted south.
Next on the board of directors is Mr. D, Cote, now retired from the UMA Group, Vancouver. Mr. C. Dagenais, of the the SNC Group, Montreal (the biggest engineering firm in Quebec today). SNC was used by the federal government as a front for a semi-private intelligence and influence network, ostensibly created for curtailing Quebec’s separatist support In French Africa during the 1960’s. SNC’s president Garneau is a former Minister of Finance in Quebec. The firm today is merged with Lavalin, who are Brian Mulroney’s wealthy buddies in the engineering field; Mr. R. Paul, Bechtel Canada Ltd., Vancouver (All the U.S. administration big shots get trained here at the largest engineering firm in the world, and their alumni include U.S. secretary George Schultz and former U.S. secretary of defence Robert McNamara, also former head of World Bank. The military brass and foreign affairs big shots come out of there too). Dr. G. Pon, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Ottawa (Atomic Energy’s job will be to supply electricity for pumping water uphill in the canals and to keep it warm during cold winter months); Mr. R. Warren, Rousseau Sauve, Warren Inc., Montreal; Mr. H. Snyder, VP, St. John’s; Mr. D. Harris, Secretary and Comptroller, St. John’s.
The BIG 6 GENETIC ENGINEERS
1 – Monsanto Chemicals
2 – ADM – Archer, Daniels, Midland
3 – Dupont Chemicals
4 – PTI – Protein Technologies International
5 – CARGILL
6 – CONAGRA
i stumbled onto this story over the weekend and i must admit i have never heard of it..but it is a “grand” idea..if any readers are able to provide a follow up to this story it would be appreciated..the article i posted is possibly over 10 years old so names may have changed by now..did you note that simon weisman went to LSE? :)
reinhardt always tells us to look out for canal prjects and this looks to be the big daddy of them all..tie this in with pickens and his wind corridor running through the dry mid west..maybe he leased all that land knowing it would become land that could be farmed?
at what stage is this project now?