Rule of law crushed in Libya
“Civilians in Libya are bearing the brunt of armed conflicts and a failed political transition that have crushed any semblance of the rule of law,” Eric Goldstein, deputy Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch, told the watchdog’s website.
The battle for power between two rival governments in al-Bayda and Tripoli has led to 400,000 people being displaced, an increase in kidnappings for ransom, and enforced disappearances, as well as the rise of radical groups, including Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL), HRW said in the report.
The country has also become a transit point for “tens of thousands of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers” as they cross the Mediterranean for Europe.
Both of Libya’s competing governments and various armed groups are holding thousands of detainees in long-term arbitrary detention, according to HRW.
The people are being held for lengthy terms – sometimes reaching up to four years – without any charges being pressed against them.
The torture of detainees, including children, is also wide spread, the report said, stressing that the above mentioned violations amount to crimes against humanity.
The warring sides in Libya were also guilty of war crimes, including arbitrary arrests, torture, and shelling of civilian areas, the watchdog said.
Internationally prohibited cluster munitions and antipersonnel landmines were also used by “some forces” in Libya, it added.
The World Report 2016 also emphasized the extended presence of Islamic State in the country last year.
The jihadists have taken control the coastal city of Sirte and established “its own brutal form of public administration and justice”there, it said.
According to HRW, IS has taken responsibility for a number of attacks in Libya, including in the cities of Tripoli, Derna, and al-Qubba.
The group has staged public executions of its opponents and non-Muslims, who it considers apostates. Twenty-one mostly Egyptian Coptic Christians and 30 Ethiopian Christians were put to death in early 2015.
“Both of Libya’s competing governments and various armed groups are holding thousands of detainees in long-term arbitrary detention, according to HRW.”
so they have the black flag wavers and their enemies killing each other..but theres more!
“The country has also become a transit point for “tens of thousands of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers” as they cross the Mediterranean for Europe.”