Ancient Pueblo people used advanced geometry to build monuments

image_4559_1-sun-temple

image_4559_2-pueblo-bonito

http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/ancient-pueblo-people-advanced-geometry-04559.html

Arizona State University Professor Sherry Towers has examined the Sun Temple archaeological site at Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and found evidence that the site was laid out with a Golden rectangle, equilateral and Pythagorean 3:4:5 triangles. The researcher has also found evidence of a common unit of measurement underlying the site layout.

The Sun Temple is an ancient complex prominently located atop amesa, constructed by the ancestral Pueblo peoples approximately 800 years ago.

While the D-shaped structure is generally recognized by modern Pueblo peoples as a ceremonial complex, the exact uses of the site are unknown, although the site has been shown to have key solar and lunar alignments.

“The site is known to have been an important focus of ceremony in the region for the ancestral Pueblo peoples, including solstice observations. My original interest in the site involved looking at whether it was used for observing stars as well,” explained Prof. Towers, author of a paper published this week in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

However, as she delved deeper into the site’s layout and architecture, interesting patterns began to emerge.

“I noticed in my site survey that the same measurements kept popping up over and over again,” Prof. Towers said.

“When I saw that the layout of the site’s key features also involved many geometrical shapes, I decided to take a closer look.”

The geometrical shapes used within this location would be familiar to any high school student: equilateral triangles, squares, 45-degree right triangles, Pythagorean triangles, and the Golden rectangle, which was well known to architects in ancient Greece and Egypt and is often used in Western art due to its pleasing proportions.

With some geometrical know-how, a straight-edge, a compass or cord, and a unit of measurement, all of the shapes are fairly easy to construct.

But, unlike the ancient Greeks, Egyptians and Maya, the ancestral Pueblo people had no written language or number system to aid them when they built the site.

Incredibly, their measurements were still near-perfect, with a relative error of less than one percent.

“This is what I find especially amazing. The genius of the site’s architects cannot be underestimated,” Prof. Towers said.

“If you asked someone today to try to reconstruct this site and achieve the same precision that they had using just a stick and a piece of cord, it’s highly unlikely they’d be able to do it, especially if they couldn’t write anything down as they were working.”

Prof. Towers found evidence that some of the same geometrical constructs from Sun Temple were used in at least one other ancestral Puebloan ceremonial site, Pueblo Bonito, located in New Mexico’s Chaco Culture National Historic Park.

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awesome stuff..ancient knowledge..who gave it to them?

“the site was laid out with a Golden rectangle, equilateral and Pythagorean 3:4:5 triangles. The researcher has also found evidence of a common unit of measurement underlying the site layout.”

how?

“If you asked someone today to try to reconstruct this site and achieve the same precision that they had using just a stick and a piece of cord, it’s highly unlikely they’d be able to do it, especially if they couldn’t write anything down as they were working.”

401

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~ by seeker401 on February 3, 2017.

5 Responses to “Ancient Pueblo people used advanced geometry to build monuments”

  1. “There is nothing new under the sun ” Ecclesiasticus

    We think we are the cleverest ones

  2. They had access to the natural world just like everybody else on the planet.

  3. Reblogged this on World Peace Forum.

  4. […] Source: Ancient Pueblo people used advanced geometry to build monuments […]

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